Category Commons Wikiquotes Wikisource texts. Satguru Ram Singh and the Kuka Movement. The Government also issued instructions to the educational institutions to control their boys and prevent them from participating in the swadeshi movement. The Boycott movement in Bengal supplied a momentum and driving force to the cotton mills in India and the opportunity thus presented was exploited by the mill-owners. This need to preserve the old fabric of an agrarian country while simultaneously modernising, necessitated a resurgence of a slightly recast “Swadeshi Movement”.
The writings of Vande Mataram practically revolutionized the political attitude of Bengal. The official reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million about a quarter of the population of British India had become too big to be administered. The word Swadeshi derives from Sanskrit and is a sandhi or conjunction of two Sanskrit words. Other than boycott and burning of foreign goods, people also resorted to ‘peaceful picketing’ which destined to become a normal feature in almost every type of political agitation in future. This need to preserve the old fabric of an agrarian country while simultaneously modernising, necessitated a resurgence of a slightly recast “Swadeshi Movement”.
Jovement first was to bring pressure upon the British public by the pecuniary loss they would suffer by the boycott of British goods, particularly the Manchester cotton goods for wrjte Bengal provided the richest market in India. The Swadeshi Movement had its genesis in the anti-partition movement which was stated to oppose the British decision essau partition Bengal. While the pre-independence movement was essentially a response to colonial policies, the post-independence Swadeshi movement sprung forth as an answer to increasingly oppressive imperialistic policies in the post- Second World War climate.
The Government also issued instructions to the educational institutions to control their boys and prevent them from participating in the swadeshi movement. Leading newspapers in Calutta protested against the division of Bengal.
It was the most successful of the pre-Gandhian movement. Later on, the economic boycott receded into background with the passage of time and it developed into an idea of non-cooperation with the British in every field and the object aimed at was a political regeneration of the country with the moveement goal of absolute freedom looming large before the eyes of the more advanced section.
A song which became very popular swareshi over the country urged upon the people to give the place of honour to the coarse cloth which is the gift of the Mother, too poor to offer a better one.
Passive resistance could not go for long and its ultimate result could never be in doubt. These have been discussed as under: The Post-Independence “Swadeshi Movement” has developed forth differently than its pre-independence counterpart. More important still, the movement with its extended connotation was no longer confined to Bengal but spread to the whole of India.
Outside Bengal, it gave a rude shock of disillusionment to the whole of India and stimulated the political thoughts of the people. Apart from this, vernacular newspapers such as the Sanjivani and the Bangabashi expressed open hostility against the proposal. The Swadeshi partition and the Government measures also finally led to the split of Hindus fssay Muslims and virtually the formation of Muslim League in Satguru Ram Singh and the Kuka Movement.
The proposal of partition of Bengal became publicly known infollowed boyvott immediate sn spontaneous protests all over Bengal. Lord Curzon asked Queen Victoria to separate Bengal. Retrieved from ” https: It is difficult to form an accurate estimate of the effect of the Boycott movement on the import of foreign goods in Bengal, as no exact statistics are available.
Women in India’s freedom struggle. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Schools or colleges whose students disobeyed the order were not only threatened with the withdrawal of Government grants and even with disaffiliation, but their students were to be declared ineligible for Government Service.
The official reason given for the decision was that Bengal with a population of 78 million about a quarter of the population of British India had become too aand to be administered. Articles lacking in-text citations from September All articles lacking in-text citations Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references.
It was dssay longer confined to its primary object of industrial regeneration and boycotting British goods. Secondly, it was regarded as essential for the revival of indigenous industry which being at its infant stage could never grow in the face of free competition with foreign countries which had highly developed industry.
The blazing flames were looked upon as a special mode of honouring noted public leaders and the bonfires greeting them were regarded as of great value as a means of infusing enthusiasm for Swadeshi. The ideas of Swadeshi and economic boycott was kept alive and brought home to every door by articles in newspapers, processions, popular songs, enrollment of volunteers to keep vigilant watch and by occasion bonfires of foreign cloth, salt and sugar. The economic boycott movement seemed to be a suitable opportunity for reviving that industry.
It taught the people to challenge and defy the authority of the Government openly in public and took away from the minds of even ordinary men the dread of police assault and prison as well as the sense of ignominy which hitherto attached to them.
There was no questioning the fact that Bengal with a population of 70 million had indeed become administratively unwieldy. The Boycott movement in Bengal supplied a momentum and driving force to ahd cotton mills in India and the opportunity thus presented was exploited by the movemsnt.
Swadeshi movement – Wikipedia
This was the genesis of the sudden emergence of a network of secret revolutionary organizations which were determined to meet the Government on equal terms, by collectively arms and opposing terrorism by terrorism. The negative element This can be considered negative only with regard to the British of the economic swadeshi was the boycott and burning of foreign goods.
Foreign cigarettes were bought and burnt in the streets, Brahmins refused to assist any religious ceremonies in houses where European salt and sugar were used and Marwaris were warned of importing foreign articles. The Direction of Public Instruction asked the principals of colleges to show causes why their students who took part in the picketing should not be expelled.